- Bối cảnh lịch sử
- Tình hình hiện nay
- Đe dọa quân sự
- Đe dọa môi trường
- Những khuyến cáo và đề nghị
- Historical background
– In March 1988, China attacked and massacred 64 UNARMED Vietnamese soldiers and engineers on the Johnson South Reef.
– In 2002, ASEAN and China agreed a peaceful solution by signing the “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea” (DOC 2002) in which all parties agreed to “exercise self-restraint in the conduct of activities that would complicate or escalate disputes and affect peace and stability including, among others, refraining from action of inhabiting the presently uninhabited islands, reefs, shoals, cays, and other features and to handle their differences in a constructive manner.”
– In December 2007, China broke this Declaration by establishing “Sansha city,” the administrative name it has given to the Spratly and Paracel Islands, the Macclesfield Bank and several smaller islands which it claims to control.
– Since early 2014, through its construction of new “artificial islands” and military bases on seven reefs in the Spratly archipelago and several features in the Paracel archipelago, China broke DOC2002 again. These acts, along with the declaration of an “Air Defense Identification Zone” covering most of the Southeast Asia Sea, would pose a serious threat to the peace and stability of the region.
– In May 2014, the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corporation moved its Haiyang Shiyou 981 oil platform to undisputed waters in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Vietnam, close to the disputed Paracel Islands.
- The current position
– Fiery Cross Reef, located more than 1,000km from China’s coastline, is being developed as “a combined naval/air base far larger than any other in the Spratly Islands” which will “significantly reduce the time required for PLA/N aircraft and ships to reach the Malacca Straits in the event of a blockade of this major trade artery.”
– Dredging and landfill is in progress at locations on the Subi and Eldad reefs.
- The military threat
- The environmental threat
Arturo C. Boquiren, UP Baguio Professor, Philippines
Dale Jose Roseo C. Gozar, Building Architect/Engineer, Quezon City
Noralyn Lozada, OFW, Khalidiya Abu Dhabi UAE
Nestor Delos Reyes, Heavy Duty Diesel Mechanic, George Town Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands
Raquel Razon-Amyouni, Businesswomam, Makati City.
Adonis Michael Ozoa, Nurse, Dumaguete City
Jacinto V. Rubillar V, Farmer, Davao City
Raymund Morales Bongalosa, Businessman/Mineral Trading, Quezon city
Suzette Jurilla, Registered Nurse/Nurse Entrepreneur, Davao City, Philippines
Richard Mel P Caplis, Student University of the Philippines Baguio, Ilocos Sur.
Patrick Arellano, IT, Makati City
Rizal Victoria Budget Analyst Hohenstauferallee Leimen Germany
Ryan Padilla Sapinoso, Homebased Freelancer, Regina ville Trece Martires City, Cavite
Texas State Board of Examiners of Professional Counselors, TX,
Nguyen Ngọc Bich, Researcher, Washington D.C, USA
Quynh Truong, Retired, CA, USA
Le Anh Tuan, Film producer, NY, USA
Huynh Ba Hai, Journalist, Lillehammer, Norway
Nguyen Sy Tuyen, Kiev, Ukraine
Nguyen Duc Huy, Engineer, Kiev, Ukraine
Nguyen Thi Tu Huy, Paris, France
Pham Xuan Yem, Physicist, University Paris 6, France Bui Dinh Dai, Paris, France
Pham van Thanh, Lifeguard, Former prisoner of conscience, Condé-
Nguyen Thanh Viet, Architect assistant, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom
Bui Viet Hoa, Helsinki, Finland
Nguyen Hoang Linh, Journalist, Budapest, Hungary
Nguyen Thuong Viet, Munich, Germany Trang Czepat, Lübeck, Germany
Tran Van Tho, Professor, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan
Nguyen Duc Tuong, Physicist, Gatineau, Canada
Tran Thang, Self-employment, Phu Tho, Vietnam
Nguyen Ngoc Thach, Artist, Hanoi, Vietnam
Nguyen Truong Giang, IT engineer, Thanh Hoa, Vietnam
Pham Thanh Cao, Self-employment, Saigon, Vietnam
Dang Thi Hong Ly, Staff in Standard Chatered bank, Saigon, Vietnam Tran Van Hoc, Civil engineer, Saigon, Vietnam
Dao Thu Hue Lecturer, Hanoi, Vietnam
Huynh Son Phuoc, Journalist, Hoi An, Vietnam
Marc A. Nguyen, English Teacher, ILA center, Saigon, Vietnam